Du Fu and his thatched cottage
Du Fu (712-770AD) was born in Gongxian county, Henan province, and lived in the period when the Tang dynasty was on the decline. He fled Guansu province in 759 to avoid the disasters caused by rebellions and arrived in Chengdu where he built a cottage as a temporary haven with the help of friends. Du Fu had great influence upon the development of Chinese literature.He wrote more than 1'400 poams lamenting the suffering of the people. No wonder he is acclaimed “Sage of Poatry” and his poems are regardede as “history in verse”. Guring his 4 years'stay here (in Chengdu), he wrote more than 240 poems.
Du Fu thatched cottage is located in the western outskirts of Chengdu on the bank of Huanhua Brook, where Du Fu, the great realistic poet, stayed during his vagabond life. The cottage is a key historic site under the State protection.
The first cottage was constructed in honor of the poet on the ruins of the original site in the 11th century. It was reconstructed many times. One note - worth restoration was in the early years of the 17th century during the Qing Dynasty (1644 -1911AD).
The main memorial buildings and historic sites here include the Lobby, Poatic History Hall, Wooden Gate, Shrine of Gongbu (he once served in Court as an offial rank of Gongbu - this is equal to Prime minister to certain department), Shaoling Thatched Pavilion and the Du Fu Museum.